Is the ethnic Madurese people with large populations in Indonesia, amounting to approximately 6.8 million inhabitants. They come from the island of Madura and surrounding islands, such as Gili Raja, Sapudi, Raas, and Kangean. In addition, people living in the eastern part of Madura, East Java, Pasuruan to the north of Banyuwangi. Madurese in Situbondo and Bondowoso, and east of Probolinggo number at most and rarely can speak Javanese.
In addition to Javanese and Sundanese, Madurese and many also transmigrate into other areas, especially to West Kalimantan and Central Kalimantan Province. Several cities in Kalimantan like Sampit and Sambas, ever riots involving ethnic Madurese. Madurese people are basically people who like to wander because of its territory that are not good for farming. Madurese happy to trade, especially scrap metal and other secondhand goods. In addition, many who work to fishermen and laborers.
Madurese style of speech that is known for outspoken and temperamental nature and easily offended, but they are also known frugal, disciplined, and diligent work. For the pilgrimage, despite poor Madurese definitely set aside some income to savings pilgrimage. Also known Madurese have a strong Islamic tradition, although sometimes perform rituals or Rokat Sea Pethik Tasse (equal to float an offering).
Self-esteem, as well as the most important in the life of the Madurese, they have a good proverb lebbi tollang pote, pote atembang eye. That is, better off dead (white bone) rather than shame (white eye). Traits such as these gave birth to the tradition of community carok on Madura.